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Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease, which affects humans and animals, caused by the bacterium of the genus Leptospira.
It is transmitted by water and food contaminated by animal urine, especially the mouse. It is a very common disease after floods, as people walk unprotected in contaminated waters.
In humans, leptospirosis causes a wide range of symptoms, and some infected people may have no symptoms at all. Symptoms of leptospirosis include high fever, severe headache, chills, muscle pain and vomiting. The disease may also cause the following symptoms: yellowish eyes and skin, red eyes, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rashes.
If leptospirosis is not treated, the patient may suffer kidney damage, meningitis (inflammation of the membrane around the brain and spinal cord), kidney failure and breathing problems. And on rare occasions leptospirosis can be fatal. Many of these symptoms can be confused with other diseases, so leptospirosis is confirmed by laboratory blood or urine tests.